Kashi Special Economic Zone: The Last Chance to Get Rich for the Rich

Posted: 2011年08月1日 in Original Thoughts


It seems shocking to see a series of violent killings in Xinjiang last week that killed a dozen of people, mostly Han. The new development and the following rhetoric of terrorism by the state media seem to prove the correctness of the prediction made by the Chinese government two months ago that “terrorists are returning to Xinjiang.”
Despite of the official attributions of the violence to “evil three” and Pakistan, the real motivations, objectives, and even the identities of the participants have not been clarified. To fully understand the occurrence of violence in Kashgar and nearby, one has to go beyond ideological accusations and into more practical situation of Kashgar and the Uyghurs in the context of developing the northwest campaign. If one is familiar with the connotation of special economic zone in China’ economy, one has to think of benefits and profits a special economic zone (this time Kashgar), blessed by favorite policies, can bring to the investors.

Of course, China’s domestic investments and investors in Kashar primarily come from rich East China by region or from the wealthier Han by ethnicity. During a recent trip to various cities and counties in southern Xinjiang, I heard many Han businessmen had repeatedly stated that Kasha, as a special economic zone, is the last to get rich. It is said that within two years, the housing price is doubled in good locations in Kashi. This may explain why, in addition to political reasons, local officials and businessmen are eager to torn down old Uyghur communities and build skyscrapers in the name of economic development and ethnic harmony, a fortune-seeking pattern popular seen in many interior cities.

Since most Uyghurs are unable to “upgrade” to new apartments or to “re-model” their old houses, they have increasingly become marginalized even in their “town:” not only the destruction of their tradition houses and business worsens their current economy, but also the coming of large number of Han officials, volunteers, merchants, police, workers, and others who benefit from the development contribute to rising price from housing to food.
Several Chinese scholars in Beijing have actually noticed the dilemma in the state-sponsored development that on the one hand, economic development is expected to reduce ethnic tension between the Han and Uyghurs, while on the other hand, the beneficiary are mostly Han, which actually increases economic gap between the two groups and generates more ethnic problems.

In other words, violence in Xinjiang cannot be interpreted only in ethnic terms. From an economic perspective, it is also a class struggle between the poor Uyghurs and the rich Han. What complicates the Uyghur-Han relation is that it is a mixture of ethnicity and economy. The Chinese Communist Party has been proud of overthrowing oppressive classes and liberating oppressed classes within the Han ethnic group in the past decades. Today, the class issue in Xinjiang (embodied in ethnic tension) between oppressed Uyghur and oppressor Han, coupled with international forces and influences, is a real test for China’s proletariat party if it truly represents the oppressed people, be it Uyghur or Han.

Comments
  1. […] on the Kashgar violence, this time from the Xinjiang Review. They attribute the problems to a growing gap between Han and Uyghur citizens which bridges the gap between ethnic conflict and […]

  2. It is evident that investment can come from only two sides i.e internal and external. similarly,from internal investment only those investors will come who have the experience ,money and can afford the risk.It is natural that once SEZ will be established in Kashghir it will have salutary effects for all residents irrespective of local or non local.Kashgir is an important city on the silk road and close proximity to CARs,Pakistan and Afghanistan.It will become an economic hub and as a result will bring economic amelioration in the area.It is evil thinking of some western minds who are always interested to show down china.

  3. xinjiang says:

    as one of the northwest provinces, the internal investiment from XJ is insignificant compared to external ones. if you visit XJ, it is evident that the building of any economic zones in XJ only benefit Han immigrants who have access to officials, capitals, and other resources.

  4. vokoyo says:

    當我們看中國的外交,卻發現她很多時會在違背自身價值觀和利益的情況下,向各國妥協。可見中國外交的失敗。

    中共所實行的睦鄰政策,可說是徹底的失敗。中共現在的領導人奉行鄧小平那套所謂的「韜光養晦」政策。但其實,這只是一種逃避挑戰的鴕鳥政策。當今中國所面臨的惡劣國際環境,則決定了這種鴕鳥政策必然失敗。

    在這種鴕鳥政策主導下,中國外交不僅畏首畏尾,更胸無大志,既沒有系統的外交戰略,也沒有長遠的外交目標。這種頭痛醫頭、腳痛醫腳式的外交政策,直接導致中國外交在面對各種挑釁時束手無策,盡顯軟弱之態,面對大好機遇時,也因毫無戰略準備而無所作為。

    對朝鮮對印度對日本甚至是越南,中國都是畏首畏尾,一昧退讓,實行韜光養晦。本來,鄧小平的韜光養晦,是指平時積蓄力量,關鍵時刻果斷出手,是一種積極進取的外交思維。但現在,卻成了一種鴕鳥政策,令人無奈。

    其實,按照中國現在的實力,根本不用如此讓步,中共對東南亞國家,對日本,甚至是越南朝鮮,都讓得太多。完全顯示不到大國風範,畏首畏尾的外交政策,只會令中國人蒙羞!

    至於對印度和越南的外交處理手法,中共簡直令人覺得恥辱。情況就好像當年清政府打贏法國,但仍然賠償法國一樣。令人覺得是絕大的恥辱。

    中國在和日本,越南,俄羅斯,印度等周遍強國的政治經濟往來中,沒有佔到多少便宜,也沒有讓這些列強放棄對中國崛起的偏見和敵視,自身利益不斷被侵占,不能不說中國的外交政策有很大缺陷,這是中國國家佈局計劃和外交政策慘敗的最佳體現。

    中國常常想成為一等一的大國,但他的外交卻事事以懦弱的方式勉強了事,實在不能給人任何強國的風範。

  5. Mamutjan says:

    There are some photos of Xinjiang and Uyghur people on my blog. Feel free to visit and enjoy them. You may wanna follow the blog or “Like” its facebook page to stay tuned for future updates.
    http://www.ghezine.com/search/label/Uyghur

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